怎么提高自己的assignment写作水平 8大提高Assignment写作的技巧


怎么提高自己的assignment写作水平 8大提高Assignment写作的技巧

I.Consider the prompt

Often,students may be so eager to begin working on an assignment,that they will not have read the prompt carefully enough.Make sure that you fully understand the topic and purpose of the assignment,so that you can ensure that what you write is in full accordance with your teacher’s expectations.

It may be helpful for you to highlight or underline key parts of the prompt.Another useful strategy is to break your prompt up into multiple parts,and then decide how many paragraphs you will devote to each part of the prompt.




II.Conduct solid research

Once you have a good understanding of the prompt,you can begin conducting research to gain the information that you need.

It is often helpful to draft a list of topics that you want to explore in your research process.This can even take the form of a short list of questions that you must answer in order to better understand your topic.This saves you time by preventing you from researching topics that are unrelated to the scope of your assignment.

Make sure to take notes as you conduct your research,and be careful that you save citation information for later,as well as notes on how each piece of research will fit into your writing.An Excel or Google Docs spreadsheet is useful for keeping all of this information organized.




在进行研究时,请务必记笔记,并且小心地保存对他人著作的引用记录。同时笔记也包括你的文章将如何具体结合其他学者的观点。Excel或Google Docs可以帮助你更有条理地记录这些信息。

In addition,you should be careful to only utilize sources that are reliable.There are several ways to determine whether a source is reliable:

Author:Who is the author of this article?Do they have good credentials(e.g.a degree in the field)?Is there a potential that this person could be biased in some way?

Journal/source:What is the source of this material?Is it from a book,magazine,website,or journal?Is the source a respected source in the field,and does it have any potential to be biased?If it is from a journal,is the journal peer-reviewed?What is the journal’s impact factor?

Date:Is the date of publication recent?If not,is there a potential that this information is outdated?





III.Take a stand

Most academic writing requires that students state an opinion on the topic.You should formulate your opinion based on the research that you have collected.Ask yourself:Based on what I’ve read during the research process,which side of this issue is most likely to be true?Be sure that you can back up your opinion with evidence.



IV.Make a plan

Once you have gained enough information to fully answer the prompt,you can begin the writing process.However,don’t start writing without a plan!Even taking a few minutes to make a quick outline of the points or issues that you will cover is very helpful.If you do not like using outlines,there are many graphic organizers available online that can help you organize your thoughts before you begin to write.

Your outline or graphic organizer should be based on the research that you conducted.If,for instance,you find many relevant details relating to one particular section of your paper,you can dedicate a larger part of your outline to that topic.Conversely,if you reach a dead-end in one particular area of your research,you will not include those details in your outline.




V.The writing process

Keep your prompt at the top of the page so that you can refer to it often as you write.Remember,your writing should be sure to address the prompt directly,and not stray into unrelated topics.

It is also useful to keep your outline or graphic organizer handy.Don’t worry if during the writing process,you decide that you need to make some changes to your outline.

You don’t always have to work from beginning to end!Often,the first and last paragraphs are the hardest to write–and it’s sometimes best to write them after you have finished the rest of your paper,so that you know exactly what you want to say.

However,it is essential that you finish your thesis statement BEFORE you write anything else in your paper.If you don’t know your thesis,it will be hard for you to know what you are writing about in the first place!







Be sure to follow the formatting conventions that are specified by your school,university,or instructor.In addition,different disciplines have different requirements for formatting,so you may have to format papers differently in a Psychology class compared to in an English Literature class.

Online sites such as the Purdue OWL give useful information on the specifics of MLA,APA,and Chicago Manual of Style formatting.


Furthermore,sites such as Easybib(Link 1)and Citation Machine(Link 2)provide automated citations–all you have to do is to provide basic information such as the article title,author,journal,publication date,etc.(This is why it is so important to save the citation information of each source you find during your research process!)

Link 1:http://www.easybib.com/

Link 2:http://www.citationmachine.net/

However,you should be careful when using these sites.Since they make citations automatically,there are often small errors.Therefore,you should always proofread your citations before turning them in!



诸如Purdue OWL的网站上有关于MLA、APA和芝加哥等格式的详细信息。


此外Easybib(链接1)和Citation Machine(链接2)等网站都提供了自动引用生成的功能:你所需要做的就是提供关于所引用文章的名称,期刊,作者,出版日期等基本信息。(这就是为什么在研究过程中我们需要记录下每一个资料的基本信息的原因)。




VII.Final touches

It’s very hard for us to catch our own spelling errors.Make sure to use a spell checker(either online or in your word processing software).In addition,you could also ask a friend to read over your document for you.Another effective strategy is to read your writing backwards–start from the very last word,and read it backwards to the beginning.This helps you to slow down enough while you read,that it makes it more likely that you’ll catch an error.

You should make multiple revisions to your paper.It’s hard to catch every error in one pass!Review your paper multiple times,on different days,throughout the writing process.









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