比如，在作答“Evaluate the extent to which new technology fostered change in United States industry from 1865 to 1900.”这一问题时，首先要明确自己的背景信息需要写什么，是写1865-1900时代的Gilded Age还是Trust等经济现象?其次自己的POV是什么，是具体写哪一种new technology?再次，支持这种new technology的三个论据分别是什么，需要同学们对历史事实有较为熟悉的掌握，才能“引经据典”哦。
第二步，需要对各个环节内容进行细化，主要包括例举论据时的核心方式是什么，是否运用了College Board要求大家掌握的四大思维方式?(comparison,causation,continuity,change over time)
比如，同学们在作答“如何评价制宪会议作为美国发展中的turning point?”时，在例举论据时即可利用comparison这一思维技能，对Philadelphia Convention前后政治，经济等方面的变化进行对比分析。
比如，仍以上述问题为例，在同学们展示对问题复杂性认识时，可以说虽然Philadelphia Convention确实是turning point，但并非在各个领域都展现出了相同的具有跨时代意义的进步性，比如在黑人问题与女权问题上并没有明显的改善(这就是复杂性的需要的论据咯!)
Evaluate the extent to which the Constitution as written in 1789 marked a turning point for American political and social life,analyzing what changed and what stayed the same from the period before the Constitution to the period after it.
The writing of the Constitution in 1789 marked a momentous turning point in American history. During the critical period between the end of the Revolutionary War and the Constitutional Convention, the Articles of Confederation established a firm league among thirteen sovereign states. The Constitution created a new national government based upon the principle that sovereignty rests upon the people not the states.
Although the Constitution did mark a political revolution, it did not initially begin a social revolution.
The Articles of Confederation created a Congress composed of delegates chosen by the state legislatures. The government lacked both executive and judicial branches.Congress had no authority to regulate trade between states or to raise revenue through taxes.
The weaknesses of the national Congress prevented it from dealing effectively with pressing economic problems. Faced with mounting debts, seven states began issuing paper money. For example, Rhode Island declared its paper money legal tender for all debts forcing creditors to flee the state.
The most alarming problem occurred in western Massachusetts. Unable to pay their debts to eastern bankers and merchants, desperate farmers demanded that the state legislature halt farm foreclosures and print paper money. Led by Daniel Shays, farmers closed a courthouse where creditors were suing to foreclose farm mortgages. When the national Congress proved unable to raise a militia to stop Shays, wealthy creditors assembled a privately paid force that crushed the rebellion.Shays’ Rebellion fueled dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation.
1787, 55 delegates from twelve states quickly resolved to abandon the Articles and create a new government. During about four months of intense give-and-take negotiations the delegates seized control of America’s destiny. They skillfully resolved contentious issues between large and small states and between Northern and Southern states. Their compromises distinguished the possible from the politically impossible.
The Constitution marked a fateful turning point in American political history. In a bold and unprecedented decision, the Framers transferred sovereignty from the states to the people. The new Constitution provided America with a flexible and enduring form of government that included an amendment process and a division of power among executive,legislative, and judicial branches tied together by a complex system of checks and balances. The Constitution gave Congress the power to levy taxes, declare war, and regulate interstate commerce.
Although the Constitution marked the beginning of momentous political changes, it did not mark the beginning of equally significant social changes. The revolutionary rhetoric about equality and natural rights did not change the status of women, Native Americans or most enslaved Africans. Women did not obtain new political rights as the Framers once again failed to remember the Ladies.Native Americans continued to lose their lands and their autonomy.Enslaved Africans did benefit from new emancipation laws in the North.However, over 90 percent of the slaves lived in the South where conditions did not change.